Introduction to the cultivation of the vine

 

 Clean the ground, both of plant remains, weeds, stones ...

Prepare the soil: A deep work is ideal (40 to 80 cm) that decompacts the soil.

Select the variety or varieties that you want to plant. Interesting to put a line for each variety.

 Make a small plan on the paper to know approximately where and how many plants you need.

 Mark with tutors in the field the final location of each plant, be sure to leave sufficient spaces for the machinery and service roads.

 Request your plants and once received, make the planting holes. Introduce the plants, cover them well with fresh soil and give them water. Apply water weekly if necessary.

 At the arrival of spring, apply a fertilizer such as 15-15-15 at a rate of 10 grams per plant diluted in 10 liters of water. Repeat the irrigation + fertilized operation every 15 days during the summer months.

 Keep the plot clean of weeds. In the case of rainfed crops, tillage helps keep the plot clean and hydrated.

 Observe the plants so they are healthy. Detect spots on leaves, leaves eaten .... and perform some phytosanitary treatment during the summer if necessary.


What is the best time to plant the vineyard?

 

When is the vineyard planted?

The planting season is always in vegetative stop, when the plant is at rest.

It can be planted from December (beginning of the vegetative stop) until the months of May and June.

The planting season of the vineyard is limited by the climatic conditions of the destination plot.

In warmer climates we can make an earlier plantation, and in colder climates or with risks of frost taridías, we must plant later.

 

The preparation of the soil for the planting of a vineyard


A deep work for the preparation of the land:

It is convenient to decompact the earth in order to favor the development of the roots of young vine plants.

Good soil preparation is an essential factor of longevity, resistance to drought and exploitation of "soil" quality.

It is done once in the life of the vineyard, so no expense should be spared in this operation.

Depending on the nature of the soil, it is preferable to turn the soil (moldboard in clay-silt soils) or subsoil (under stony and sandy soil).