Carignan Grapevines

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Carignan

Origin

This variety is of Spanish origin (probably from the Aragon region).

Synonymy

No synonym is officially recognized in France for this variety.In the European Union Carignan N can be called by other names: Cariñena (Spain), Karinian (Bulgaria), Karignan (Bulgaria), Mazuela (Spain), Mazuelo (Spain) and Samso (Spain).

Regulations

In France, Carignan N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine varieties".This variety is likewise listed in the catalogues of other European Union member states: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Spain, Greece, Malta and Portugal.

Use

Wine vine variety

Phenology

Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas. Grape maturity: period III, 4 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.

Suitability for cultivation grapevine and agronomic production

Carignan N has horizoantal growth. this is a fertile vine variety which has a steady production, oftentimes substantial. It is easily trained and must be short-pruned (gobelet, cordon). Carignan N is well adapted to hot, dry and fairly poor soil regions (schist for example). It would also appear well adapted to windy areas. In terms of mineral absorption, Carignan N sometimes appears susceptible to potassium deficiency.

Sensitivity to diseases and pests

This variety is relatively not susceptible to grey rot and very little susceptible to excoriosis. On the other hand, its tremendous susceptibility to powderym ildew an the leaves and grape clusters is well known. It is also susceptible to leaf hoppers and grillures.

Technological potential

The grape clusters and berries are moderate to large in size. Carignan N has moderate potential for sugar content and high color potential.  The tannins are however harsh, herbaceous, bitter and the wines produced lack fruit and suppleness. These charactertistics can be corrected using carbonic maceration. This is oftentimes linked to the age of the vines, the production conditions and the terroir.  In effect, in poor fertile conditions with adult vines and limited production, the wines obtained can be powerful and generous.

Clonal selection

The Carignan N clones carry the number 66

Source: Plantgrape

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