Macabeo Plants

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Name of vine variety: Macabeu

Origin

This variety is originally from Spain, probably from Catalonia.

Synonymy

There is no recognized synonym for this variety in France.

In the European Union, Macabeu B can officially be called by other names: Macabeo (Spain), Maccabeau (Greece) and Viura (Spain).

Regulations

In France, Macabeu B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Spain and Greece.

Use

Wine vine variety

Phenology

Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas. 
Grape maturity: period III, 4 weeks after Chasselas.

Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production

Macabeu B is a productive, vigorous variety which grows erect and must be short-pruned. It is sensitive to wind damage. Planting in cool and humid areas along with too dry soil, causing the variety to be subject to drying out and early leaf drop,  should be avoided.  

Sensitivity to diseases and pests

Macabeu B is rather sensitive to mites, grey rot and bacterial necrosis. 

Technological potential

The grape clusters are very large and the berries moderate to large size. Depending on growing conditions, Macabeu B can be used to produce sparkling or natural sweet white wine. The dry white and sparkling wine are light, pleasant but oftentimes lack acidity and a bit of finesse. The aromas (sometimes with notes of fennel) are likewise not very intense.

Clonal selection in France

The 10 approved Macabeu B clones carry the numbers 630, 631, 632, 633, 706, 735, 736, 737, 789 and 1025.

Source: PlantGrape

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