Plantation density is the number of vine plants that are planted in one hectare (1Ha = 10,000 square meters). A suitable average density varies between 2,500 and 4,000 strains per Ha, being a widely used medium frame that of 3,000 strains / Ha.
The machinery that we use, tractors, implements is the one that will mark the widths of the streets of our vineyard, which can vary between 1.5 m to 4 m. It is recommended to measure the implement or cultivator that we are going to use and add about 40 cm, 20 cm on each side to facilitate tillage work and have a small margin of error.
Once the width of our streets has been defined, we must calculate the distance from vine to vine, to reach a density of 3,000 vines per Ha, in this specific case.
Number of plants depending on the width of the street (horizontal axis) and the distance between vines (vertical axis)
Once the street width and the distance between vines are defined, we can apply the following mathematical formula to calculate the number of plants we need:
...or what is the samethe number of plants required is the area to be planted in square meters divided by the product of the frame (street width multiplied by distance between vines).
We have 250 square meters of land.
The selected street width is 2.80 m.
The distance from vine to vine is 1.20 m
nº plants needed = 250 / (2.80 x 1.20)
Carrying out the mathematical operation we obtain the result of:
74.40, and we will ask the nursery 75 vine plants
3m x 1m: Three meters of lane width by 1 m from vine to vine.
2.5m x 1.20m: two and a half meters of street for 1.20 m from vine to vine.
To choose a suitable planting density, we should also take into account other factors that can condition us, such as fertility and soil structure, vigor of the rootstock and of the selected variety, existence or not of an irrigation system ...
The planting season is always in vegetative stop, when the plant is at rest.
It can be planted from December (beginning of the vegetative stop) until the months of May and June.
The planting season of the vineyard is limited by the climatic conditions of the destination plot.
In warmer climates we can make an earlier plantation, and in colder climates or with risks of frost taridías, we must plant later.
It is convenient to decompact the earth in order to favor the development of the roots of young vine plants.
Good soil preparation is an essential factor of longevity, resistance to drought and exploitation of "soil" quality.
It is done once in the life of the vineyard, so no expense should be spared in this operation.
Depending on the nature of the soil, it is preferable to turn the soil (moldboard in clay-silt soils) or subsoil (under stony and sandy soil).