This vine variety is originally from the Bordeaux region. Based on published genetic studies, this variety comes from the crossbreeding of Cabernet franc N and Sauvignon B
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in other countries in the European Union.
In France, Cabernet-Sauvignon N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Spain, Greece, Italy, Hungary, Malta, Portugal, Czech Republic, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia
Wine vine variety
Bud burst: 13 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 3 to 3 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
- Cabernet-Sauvignon N has a late bud burst, is vigorous with large-diameter vine shoots under fertile conditions with very long branches (elongated internodes) and lignified tendrils.
- It requires careful training and pruning, which can be long or short in southern areas, and is relatively slow.
- Large pruning wounds should be avoided.
- Removing wood, which is hard, likewise requires considerable time consuming work.
- Cabernet-Sauvignon N oftentimes produces better results on gravely and draining ground, rather acid and well-exposed.
- This variety sometimes suffers from black stem and this risk is increased by using certain rootstock such as S04.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Cabernet-Sauvignon N is less susceptible to grey rot. On the other hand, it is very suceptible to wood disease (eutypiosis, esca) and powdery mildew.
- The grape clusters and berries are small.
- Cabernet-Sauvignon N makes wines with very interesting tannic structure with a sustained color when it has reached maturity.
- These wines are generally suitable for ageing and maturing in wood.
- This vine variety passes from vegetal aromas to much more pleasant and complex aromas once the wine has reached a proper maturity.
- On the other hand, when vinified alone as a single variety, Cabernet-Sauvignon N oftentimes lacks body and roundness.
The Cabernet-Sauvignon N clones carry the numbers 685.