This variety is of Spanish origin (probably from the Aragon region).
No synonym is officially recognized in France for this variety.In the European Union Carignan N can be called by other names: Cariñena (Spain), Karinian (Bulgaria), Karignan (Bulgaria), Mazuela (Spain), Mazuelo (Spain) and Samso (Spain).
In France, Carignan N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine varieties".This variety is likewise listed in the catalogues of other European Union member states: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Spain, Greece, Malta and Portugal.
Wine vine variety
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas. Grape maturity: period III, 4 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Carignan N has horizoantal growth. this is a fertile vine variety which has a steady production, oftentimes substantial. It is easily trained and must be short-pruned (gobelet, cordon). Carignan N is well adapted to hot, dry and fairly poor soil regions (schist for example). It would also appear well adapted to windy areas. In terms of mineral absorption, Carignan N sometimes appears susceptible to potassium deficiency.
This variety is relatively not susceptible to grey rot and very little susceptible to excoriosis. On the other hand, its tremendous susceptibility to powderym ildew an the leaves and grape clusters is well known. It is also susceptible to leaf hoppers and grillures.
The grape clusters and berries are moderate to large in size. Carignan N has moderate potential for sugar content and high color potential. The tannins are however harsh, herbaceous, bitter and the wines produced lack fruit and suppleness. These charactertistics can be corrected using carbonic maceration. This is oftentimes linked to the age of the vines, the production conditions and the terroir. In effect, in poor fertile conditions with adult vines and limited production, the wines obtained can be powerful and generous.
The Carignan N clones carry the number 66