Tempranillo is originally from Spain (Rioja). Based on published genetic analyses, it would be the result of a crossbreeding between Albillo Mayor and Benedicto.
In the European Union, Tempranillo is officially called by other names: Aragonez (Portugal), Tinta roris (Cyprus) and Tinto tempranillo (Cyprus). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain.
Wine grape variety.
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
This variety is rather rustic and vigorous. It is well adapted to southern conditions but its branches are brittle and it is sensitive to the wind. Its early nature makes it possible to widen its growing areas (cooler climatic zones) and to harvest it before equinox rains. It is sufficiently fertile to be pruned short, but sometimes Tempranillo can show a certain alternation.
Tempranillo is not very sensitive to grey rot. It is especially susceptible to eutypa dieback and vine leafhoppers.
The bunches are large (elongated) and the berries medium in size. In favorable terroirs, Tempranillo produces very pleasant, nicely colored and full-bodied quality wines but that are lacking acidity in hot zones. The quality and the alcohol degree drop quickly when the yields become excessive.
The three certified Tempranillo clones carry the numbers RJ-51, RJ-79